Saturday, December 25, 2010


Question: There are seven days in one week - even during the days of creation, By the way, MAY I KNOW WHAT DID ALLAH DO ON THE SEVENTH DAY OF CREATION ACCORDING THE HOLY QURAN? ... While there are 7 days in a week, the six days are given to man to do all his work, but the seventh day belongs to God that He called "My Sabbath. Ezekiel 20:12 - "Hallow My Sabbaths,and they will be a sign between Me and you, that you may know that I am the Lord your God. Sabbath is not a holiday that you do your own pleasure, but it is a HOLY DAY.
Answer: We believe that the process of Creation took six periods/eras (7:54, 54:7, 50:38, 2:29). The word used in the Quran is ayyam which means days or periods of time, and He established Himself over His Throne. The word used is thumma which some translators translate as moreover and some as then. Also, we believe that God does not require rest (50:38), and also that He is ever-present, ever-watchful(7:7).
We believe that we should remember and celebrate the praises of God at all times and at all places, ideally being ever-conscious and ever-grateful for everything, as it is only just that we be filled with awe and wonder and offer thanks to the One who is the Creator and Sustainer of us all (7:10, 7:29). Again and again are we reminded to establish regular prayers(2:43 for instance).
We also believe that certain appointed times are for obligatory prayers(4:103) and Friday afternoon prayer is of special congregational significance(62:9). I have copied the entire Chapter 62 (verses 1-11) for your reference. Please note that God first reminds us of the Jews (verses 5-8) and then enjoins Friday congregational prayer in verse 9.
As for sabbath, we are told that it was prescribed only for those who differed concerning it (16:124), and that it was taken as a fim covenant (4:154).
The following is the translation of a few relevant verses:
50:38 We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in Six Days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us.
7:54 Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil o'er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds!
Holy Quran, Chapter 57 Verse 4 (you can compare the translations of the words ayyam and thumma)
Transliteration: Huwa allathee khalaqa alssamawati waalarda fee sittati ayyamin thumma istawa AAala alAAarshi yaAAlamu ma yaliju fee alardi wama yakhruju minha wama yanzilu mina alssamai wama yaAAruju feeha wahuwa maAAakum ayna ma kuntum waAllahu bima taAAmaloona baseerun
Yusuf Ali 4: He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and is moreover firmly established on the Throne (of Authority). He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah sees well all that ye do.
Shakir 4: He it is who created the heavens and the earth in six periods, and He is firm in power; He knows that which goes deep down into the earth and that which comes forth out of it, and that which comes down from the heaven and that which goes up into it, and He is with you wherever you are; and Allah sees what you do.
Pickthal 4: He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days; then He mounted the Throne. He knoweth all that entereth the earth and all that emergeth therefrom and all that cometh down from the sky and all that ascendeth therein; and He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah is Seer of what ye do.
Mohsin Khan: 4: He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over (Istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, and what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be. And Allah is the All-Seer of what you do.
7:7 And verily, We shall recount their whole story with knowledge, for We were never absent (at any time or place).
2:29 It is He Who hath created for you all things that are on earth; Moreover His design comprehended the heavens, for He gave order and perfection to the seven firmaments; and of all things He hath perfect knowledge.
7:10 It is We Who have placed you with authority on earth, and provided you therein with means for the fulfilment of your life: small are the thanks that ye give!
7:29 Say: "My Lord hath commanded justice; and that ye set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer, and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere as in His sight: such as He created you in the beginning, so shall ye return."
2:43 And be steadfast in prayer; practise regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship).
Chapter 62 (Jumma [meaning Friday, the Congregation])
1 Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, doth declare the Praises and Glory of Allah,- the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
2 It is He Who has sent amongst the Unlettered an apostle from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom,- although they had been, before, in manifest error;-
3 As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: And He is exalted in Might, Wise.
4 Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.
5 The similitude of those who were charged with the (obligations of the) Mosaic Law, but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is that of a donkey which carries huge tomes (but understands them not). Evil is the similitude of people who falsify the Signs of Allah. and Allah guides not people who do wrong.
6 Say: "O ye that stand on Judaism! If ye think that ye are friends to Allah, to the exclusion of (other) men, then express your desire for Death, if ye are truthful!"
7 But never will they express their desire (for Death), because of the (deeds) their hands have sent on before them! and Allah knows well those that do wrong!
8 Say: "The Death from which ye flee will truly overtake you: then will ye be sent back to the Knower of things secret and open: and He will tell you (the truth of) the things that ye did!"
9 O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly), hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business (and traffic): That is best for you if ye but knew!
10 And when the Prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of Allah. and celebrate the Praises of Allah often (and without stint): that ye may prosper.
11 But when they see some bargain or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it, and leave thee standing. Say: "The (blessing) from the Presence of Allah is better than any amusement or bargain! and Allah is the Best to provide (for all needs)."
16:124 The sabbath was appointed only for those who differed concerning it, and lo! thy Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they used to differ.
4:154 And We caused the Mount to tower above them at (the taking of) their covenant: and We bade them: Enter the gate, prostrate! and We bode them: Transgress not the sabbath! and We took from them a firm covenant.

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